Health Education Needs Assessment Survey at Al Kharj Military Industries Corporation Hospital.

Nadia Mohamad Asiri, Abdullah Ahmed Al Shehri, Nasrin S. Saiyed, Tahani Al Otaibi

Abstract


Objective: The purpose of this research was to find out various health education needs and preferences of a diverse patient population.
Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted between the period of April 2017 and Oct 2017. The study involved attendees of Al-Kharj Military Industries Corporation Hospital (AKMICH). A total of 400 participants were included in the study with male to female ratio of 1:1.
Results: The results suggest that most of the participants were married with a mean age of 37.08 years (SD ± 13.54 years). Majority of them were literate and employed. Overall, 213 participants had received some sort of health education advice. Most of them had received it from physicians and nurses, while some also reported to have received it from health educators. About 40% of the study population was satisfied with the health education provided to them. Around 74.6% felt that they needed health education services, preferably by doctors (72.8%). 44.3% thought that health education clinic was the best source for disseminating health education. Most of the inpatients, around 75%, needed health education about their own illnesses, followed by health education on lifestyle modification, while out-patient and primary care patient needed education about the prevention of diseases. The main obstacles faced by the participants (32.3%) during health education comprised mainly of unexplained medical terms (25% inpatient, 43.5% outpatient and 27.4% primary care). Moreover, around 21.3% thought that health education was delivered in a different language (29.2% inpatient, 21.8% outpatient and 20.2% primary care).
Conclusion: The results of the study confirmed our hypothesized health education needs, preferences and obstacles faced by inpatient, outpatient and primary care patients. A preferred method agreed by majority of the participants was “face to face health education clinics” where the education providers included physician. Therefore, physicians must be encouraged for the provision of adequate knowledge to patients with respect to their illness, lifestyle changes according to their disease and prevention of diseases in future.

Keywords


Heath education; needs; preferences; inpatient; outpatient; primary care clinics; AKMICH.

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